The research of my great-great-grandfather John (Jack) Bass’ family roots has been met with the infamous 1870 Brick Wall. However, there seems to be some clues to possibly tearing down this brick wall. In genealogy research, theories are often made first based on research findings. Researchers and genealogists conduct research to prove or disprove theories. This particular blog post is to solicit your theory based on the information I will present. Let me warn you, this particular genealogical case involves many different surnames! You’ve been forewarned. But, there may be something significant behind each surname? I will present the findings in a series of exhibits. Hopefully, you can follow along and develop a theory based on all of the exhibits. I would LOVE to read what your thoughts or theories about this are!
Exhibit A – John Bass’ Freedman's Bank Application dated Jan. 16, 1871, Warren County, Mississippi: The following information was provided. See image below.
Where Born: North Carolina
Where Brought Up: Mississippi
Residence: Warren County, Mississippi
Works for: Daniel Canon (I believe this was supposed to be Daniel Cameron and possibly Jack’s last enslaver. He was also born in North Carolina. See sixth and seventh paragraph in this blog post, Boom! The Brick Wall Came Crumbling Down!)
Wife: Francis Ann
Father: Tom Bowdin
Brothers: Oscar Birdsong (Note: Never found an Oscar Birdsong in the censuses; I found an Oscar Hatcher.)
Sisters: Mimy Hatchel (suppose to be HATCHER), Eliza Newman
Exhibit B – 1870 Hinds County, Mississippi census of the Bass and Newman Households, page 586A: Prior to finding his bank application, I had found Jack Bass in the censuses. Turns out, the Newman family living adjacent to him in 1870 was his sister and her family. Notice that his sister Eliza named one of her sons Senaker. In 1880, Eliza’s children’s surname was Potter, so apparently George Newman was the stepfather.
Exhibit C – 1870 Hinds County, Mississippi census, Senaker Hatcher and Jackson Bass, page 772A: These two men were next-door neighbors. However, Senaker’s birthplace was reported as being South Carolina and Jackson’s birthplace was reported as being North Carolina. Are they related to each other? Are they related to my Jack Bass? Where did the name “Senaker / Seneca” come from? This is the transcription of those two households since the actual census image is very light:
Exhibit D – 1880 Alexander County, Illinois (Cairo) census, Senaca Hatcher: Emiline Bass, who was in Jackson Bass’ household in 1870 and presumably his daughter, was in Senaca’s household in 1880 in Cairo, Illinois. She was noted as his niece. Her parents’ birthplace is noted as South Carolina. Therefore, were Senaker/Senaca Hatcher and Jackson Bass brothers? Also, Jack Bass’s sister, Mimy Hatcher, was also in Cairo, Illinois by 1900. Like Jack and his sister Eliza Newman, Mimy/Mima’s birthplace was noted as North Carolina.
Exhibit E – 1880 Richmond County, North Carolina census, Thomas Bowden: Since there wasn’t a notation on Jack Bass’ bank application that his parents were dead, as I have seen on other applications, I checked to see if I can find someone named “Tom Bowdin,” either in Mississippi or maybe back in North Carolina if Jack had been separated from his father. This Thomas Bowden in Richmond County was the only one who was of age to possibly be his father. In the 1870 Richmond County census, I found that his name was reported as Thomas Capel after I couldn’t find a “Thomas Bowden”.
Exhibit F – The location of Richmond County, North Carolina: Notice in red that it is located on the South Carolina / North Carolina border. The next county just south of Richmond County is Marlboro County, South Carolina.
Exhibit G – Hatchers in Marlboro County, South Carolina: There are many Hatchers in this county, as well as Richmond County, North Carolina. In fact, they are considered the Waccamaw Hatchers of the Waccamaw Indian tribe. See http://hatcherfamilyassn.com/index.php